Drivers of child labour, forced labour, inadequate health & safety, and land rights abuses and disputes in agriculture and forestry

This document outlines some of the most common underlying conditions in which child labour, forced labour, inadequate health and safety, and land rights abuses and disputes are reported to occur in agriculture and forestry.

The conditions act as drivers or risk factors which can increase the likelihood of labour and land issues occurring.

To identify the most commonly reported conditions, we have drawn from a review of the literature, analysis of mill-level site assessments and discussions with Proforest colleagues and partners who have years of experience in assessing labour and land rights. Our analysis is by no means comprehensive. In addition to the four issues reviewed here, there are other social issues which affect workers, farmers and communities, but although they are not included, they may share some of the underlying conditions.

Although we focus on two tropical commodities of palm oil and sugarcane, much of the literature is more general and the drivers identified here are likely to be relevant for other crops and contexts, hence the inclusion as part of the Soy Toolkit.


Addressing gender considerations in the soy supply chain

Addressing gender considerations in the soy supply chain: tackling gender inequality through responsible sourcing

This provides rationale and recommendations for including gender considerations in the responsible sourcing of soy and ensuring gender equality is built in to all stages of the supply chain, including production. This paper outlines key steps soy sourcing companies can take at different levels of the approach to implement their policies. There are ongoing discussions across a set of commodity supply chains on how to address gender inequalities, and this paper is an attempt to help the conversations move forward. It can and will be reviewed as the sectors progress.